Sunday, 13 May 2018

Training Process

Training Process
1)     Need Assessment:
a.       Organization Analysis:
ØPoor performance
ØNew technology
ØNew product
ØHigher performance standards
ØNew Jobs
ØBusiness growth or contraction(retrenchment)
ØGlobal business expansion
b.       Person Analysis:
ØWhether employee need training
ØWho need training
ØWhether employee ready for training
c.        Task analysis:
ØSelect the job to be analyzed
ØJob analysis
ØIdentified the knowledge, skills, abilities necessary to perform task.
2)     Ensuring Employees’ readiness for training:
a.       Employees having personal characteristics (ability, attitude, beliefs, motivation)
b.       Supporting work environment , not interfere with performance
c.        Basic skills, reading, writing, communication
3)     Creating learning environment:
a.       Identify the learning objectives and out-comes
b.       Meaningful materials
c.        Practice (Demonstrate)
d.       Coordinating and administrating of program
4)     Ensuring transfer of training:
a.       Self-management strategies
b.       Peer and manager support
5)     Selecting Training methods:
a.       Instructor led classroom instruction
b.       Audio visual technique(Passive Training)
c.        Active Training:
ØHands-on methods
ØThat require the trainee to be actively involved in learning
ØOn the Job training
ØBusiness Games, Case studies
ØWeb-based training
d.       OJT can be helpful for newly hired employees, upgrading experience, and cross-training.
e.       Apprenticeship: OJT + Classroom
f.         Simulation: An artificial environment
g.       Virtual Reality: Computer based
h.       Business games, case-studies
i.         Presentation Method:
ØTrainees are passive recipients
ØTraditional classroom instruction
ØDistance learning
ØAudio-visual technique
j.         Active: Hands-on methods
ØOn the job training
ØBusiness games
ØCase studies
ØApprenticeship (Both OJT plus Classroom)
ØVirtual reality (Computer based technology. 3D learning experience)
k.       On the Job:
ØCommittee assignment
l.         Off the Job training:
ØVestibule (Hall, large room)
Ø Role play
ØCase discussion
6)     Evaluation training program:
a.       Identification of training outcomes and evaluation design
b.       Cost-benefit analysis
Training Methods:
a)      On the job training
b)     Vestibule
c)      Demonstration and example
d)     Simulation
e)      Apprenticeship /Internship (under study)
f)       Classroom methods ( off the job training)
I.        Lectures
II.      Conferences
III.    Case study
IV.    Role play
V.      Programmed instruction
g)      Other training methods
I.        Associations
II.      Audiovisual aids

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