Wednesday, 25 March 2020

The Result Approach


The Result Approach:

Ø  Focuses on managing the objectives, measurable results of job or work group.
Ø  This approach assumes that subjectivity can be eliminated from the measurement process and that results are the closest indicator of one’s contribution to organizational effectiveness.
Management by Objectives (MBO):
Ø  In organizations where MBO is used to set goals and objectives for employees, the supervisor will use this approach for performance appraisal also.
Ø  The appraisal is based on whether or not the employee has met his or her objectives.
Ø  The advantage is that employees know what to expect.
The supervisor focuses on results rather than more subjective criteria.

Result Approach:
Advantages:
Ø  Minimizing Subjectivity
Ø  Relying on objectives, quantifiable indicators of performances.
Ø  Links an individual’s result with organizational strategies and goals.
Disadvantages:
Ø  Objective measurements are affected by the things that are not under the employee’s control, e.g. economic recession.
Ø  Individual may focus only on aspects of their performance those are measured, neglecting those are not.
Ø  Objective feedback may not help employee to learn how they need to change the behavior to increase their performances.
The Quality Approach:
Ø  Two fundamental characteristics of the quality approach are:
o   Customer Orientation
o   Prevention approach to errors.
Ø  Improving customer satisfaction is the primary goal of the quality approach.
Ø  Customer can be internal or external to organization.
The Quality Approach:
Ø  Emphasize an assessment of both person and system factors in the measurement system.
Ø  Emphasize that managers and employees work together to solve performance problems.
Ø  Involves both internal and external customers in setting standards and measuring performances.
Ø  Use multiple sources to evaluate person and system factors.
Ø  Statistical process control techniques are very important in the quality approach e.g. process-flow analysis, cause and effect analysis, Pareto chart, control charts, histograms and scatter grams.


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