Monday, 19 January 2015

Stages of Group Development:

Stages of Group Development:

  • Group generally pass through a standardize sequence in their evaluation.
  • Five stage model of group development
  • Alternative model for temporary groups (task-specific) with deadlines.
  • The Five-Stage Model:
    • Forming
    • Storming
    • Norming
    • Performing
    • Adjourning


  • Characterized by a great deal of uncertainty about the group’s purpose, structure and leadership.
  • What types of behavior are acceptable from members?
  • Stage completes when members have begun think of themselves as part of a group.


  • Intragroup conflict stage
  • Members accept the existence of the group but there is resistance to the constraints (restrictions, controls) that the group imposes on individually.
  • Conflict over who will control the group?
  • Stage completes, when there will be a relatively clear hierarchy of leadership within the group.


  • Close relationship developed, group demonstrates cohesiveness (interconnected, organized).
  • Strong sense of group identity and friendship
  • Stage completes, when group structure solidities (determination, strengths), and group has absorbed a common set of expectations of what defines correct member behavior.


  • When group in fully functional and accepted.
  • Group energy moved towards performing task on hand.
  • Note: for permanent group (work group), performing is the last stage in their development.
  • But for temporary committees, teams, task forces, and similar groups that have a limited task to perform, there is an adjourning stage.


  • the group prepares for disbandment (dismissal , discharge, breakup)
  • Wrapping up activities.
  • some are cheerful, relax about accomplishment
  • others may be depressed, Lost of friendship
(Ref: Organization Behavior- S.P.Robbins)

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