Tuesday, 13 January 2015

Personality:

Personality:

Defined:
  • The sum total of way in which an individual reacts and interact with others.
  • Measurable traits that a person exhibits.
  • Rather than looking at part of the person, personality looks at some aggregate whole that is greater than the sum of the parts.

Personality:
  • Some people quiet and passive.
  • Some people loud and aggressive
  • Better adapted for certain jobs
  • Psychologist Talks:
    • Dynamic concept describing growth and development of person’s whole psychological system
  • Definition by Gordon Allport:
    • “The dynamic organization with in the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment”

Personality Determinants: Heredity, Environment, Situation

Heredity: factors that were determined at conception (Conceived)

  • Physical structure, facial attractiveness, gender, temperament, muscle, reflexes, energy, biological rhythms
  • Completely or substantially influenced by who your parents are?
  • The heredity approach argues that the ultimate explanation of an individual’s personality is molecular structure of the genes, located in chromosomes.

Environment:

  • Culture in which we are raised.
  • Our early conditioning
  • Norms among our family, friends, and social group.
  • North Indians: Aggressive, Industrious, competitive, ambitious, enterprising
  • South Indians: preserve and devote themselves to classical arts, music, literature

Situation:

  • Influence on environment and heredity effects
  • Generally stable and consistence, but personality does changes according to demand of situations
  • Temple, job interview: Constrain many behavior
  • Picnic in Public Park: constrain few behaviors.


 (Ref: Organization Behavior- S.P. Robins) 

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